Phenotropil (international name Phenylpiracetam, chemical – 4-phenylpiracetam) is a drug with a nootropic effect, in addition, it has psychostimulation, anticonvulsant, antihypoxic and antihypertensive properties. It has an adaptogenic effect on various stress patterns. Phenotropil prevents the overload of increased nervous activity during the information overload in the experiment on higher animals, normalizes the daily biorhythm of the indicators of the sympathomotivational system. It is a chemically enhanced formula of piracetam.
Pharmacological action of fenotropil
Nootropic drug, has a pronounced antiamnestic effect, has a direct activating effect on the integrative activity of the brain, promotes memory consolidation, improves concentration and mental activity, facilitates the learning process, increases the speed of information transfer between the cerebral hemispheres, it increases the resistance of brain tissue to hypoxia and toxic influences. It also has anticonvulsant and anxiolytic effects, regulates the processes of activation and inhibition of the central nervous system, improves mood. It has a positive effect on metabolic processes and blood circulation in the brain, improves regional blood flow in ischemic areas of the brain, stimulates redox processes, increases the energy potential of the body due to better utilization of glucose.
Phenotropil increases the concentration of norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin in the brain, does not affect GABA content, does not bind to GABAa or GABAb receptors, and does not significantly affect spontaneous bioelectrical activity in the brain. It does not affect the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, exhibits an unexpressed diuretic effect, has anorectic activity when used as a course.
The stimulating effect of the drug is manifested in the ability to have a pronounced effect on motor reactions, in increasing physical performance, in pronounced antagonism to the catalytic effect of neuroleptics, as well as in weakening the severity of the hypnotic effect of ethanol. and hexenal. The psychostimulatory effect predominates in the ideational sphere. It has some analgesic effect, increasing the pain threshold. The adaptogenic effect is manifested in an increase in the body's resistance to stress in conditions of excessive mental and physical exertion, with fatigue, hypokinesia and immobilization, at low temperatures. Against the background of taking the drug, there is an increase in visual acuity, brightness and visual fields.
Fenotropil Improves blood flow to the lower extremities. It stimulates the production of antibodies in response to the introduction of an antigen, at the same time it does not contribute to the development of immediate hypersensitivity and does not change the allergic reaction of the skin caused by the introduction of a foreign protein. With the use of the course, drug dependence, tolerance and withdrawal syndrome do not develop. The effect is already manifested when taking a single dose. It does not have teratogenic, mutagenic, carcinogenic and embryotoxic effects. The toxicity of the drug is low, the lethal dose is 800 mg / kg.
Pharmacological properties of Phenotropil
This nootropic has a number of pronounced effects:
- antiamnestic action (consolidates memory, improves attention and mental performance),
- anticonvulsant (normalizes the central nervous system, improves mood),
- improves metabolic processes and blood flow to brain cells,
- improves the concentration of serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine,
- has a psychostimulatory effect, some analgesics,
- adaptogenic action (increases the body's resistance to the negative effects of mental and physical stress).
When should you use Phenotropil?
The drug phenotropil is relevant in bodybuilding, for athletes and athletes who undergo strenuous and regular strength training, need improved mobility of the limbs during competition and visual acuity. The drug helps a person calm down and balance before the start.
The drug helps to fulfill all these tasks, for this reason it is often used by athletes, despite the official prohibitions of the IOC. Why do athletes not reject such medicine? Due to its excellent firming effects and also because the drug:
does not cause drug dependence,
It does not have mutagenic properties.
How to use phenotropil for strength and endurance?
Phenotropil for athletes is used according to the following scheme:
- tablets should be taken orally after meals,
- single dose – about 150 mg, daily dose up to 250 mg, maximum 750 mg is allowed,
- it is recommended to use tablets twice a day,
- the course of admission lasts about 2-12 weeks, if necessary, it is allowed to repeat it after a month.